Sights of Vidzeme.
Sights of Vidzeme. Vidzeme will be remembered for you by its small towns, romantic parks, relief landscapes, sandy cliffs and beautiful rivers.
The most beautiful views of Vidzeme are found in the Gauja National Park, especially in the vicinity of Ligatne. The nature trail Līgatne passes through a zoo in the open air.
The main attractions of Vidzeme are powerful medieval castles. The legacy of the 19th century is, first and foremost, the numerous estates of the Baltic barons.
An unusual impression is left also by the secret bunker, which was built in Soviet times in the event of a nuclear war in the cellars of the Ligatne Rehabilitation Center.
History of Vidzeme
Vidzeme is the southern half of Livonia, and its center has always been Riga itself. From the 13th century, the territory of Vidzeme entered Livonia, in the middle of the 16th century it became the Zadvinsky duchy of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and later of the Polish Commonwealth. In 1629, it became part of the Swedish Livonia.
As part of Russia from all regions of Latvia, this area was the first – following the results of the Northern War, and in fact from 1710, entering the Lifland Gubernia in the late 18th century, which also included Southern Estonia. The Northern War brought very strong destruction, in 1710-1711 the plague broke out, after which only half of the population remained alive. To gain the support of Peter 1, he restored all the former privileges of the German landlords in Vidzeme, as a result of which all the repressed estates were returned to their former owners. Also, restrictions on the size of corvée and taxes were abolished, which put Vidzeme peasants in a much worse position than serfs in Russia.
Vidzeme is the only historical region, whose Latvian name has no analogues in Russian and German: it is considered the cradle of the Latvian nation. In 1683 the pastor from Marienburg (Aluksne) Ernst Gluck translated into the Latvian Bible – and in the Lutheran world it meant that from now on the Latvians could serve in their native language. By the way, the pupil of Gluck Marta Skavronska liked Peter the Great, and after his death became the Russian Empress Catherine I. In the 19th century, a significant part of the Atmoda – “Awakening” – was associated with these regions. In general, in independent Latvia, the Vidzeme region has become the main historical region.