Jugendstil originated in the late 19th, early 20th century. Art Nouveau or Art Nouveau is the German name for the Modernist style.
Speaking of Riga, local people usually use the term “Art Nouveau”, not “modern”. Art Nouveau is one of the branches of the Art Nouveau style, its German variety. In German, Jugendstil means “young style”. He received his name from the popular German magazine Jugend (“Youth”), which began to be published in Germany in 1896.
From 1902 to 1914, all Riga architects used in their work the techniques of Art Nouveau and, of course, its decorative forms. In the Riga building of this time it is almost impossible to find a structure in which the style of modernity did not appear in one way or another. This applies even to those buildings that are created in the spirit of other concepts.
Jugendstil characterizes simple geometric lines and shapes. Architects sought to make the facade elements as decorative as possible: stylized ornaments, garlands of flowers, sculptures of various animals, statues of women, winding covers of balconies and stairs fences, faces. On the facade of buildings in the style of Art Nouveau, it was possible to judge even the master and the history of the house.
One of the most striking architects in Riga was Mikhail Eisenstein, who worked in the Baltic State Property Administration, and privately worked in architecture. According to Sergei’s son, the famous film director, Mikhail Eisenstein built about 53 houses in the style of Art Nouveau.